What is a Hybrid Car
A hybrid car is a car that
has the capacity to utilize two or more energy sources. These cars usually have
conventional gasoline engine as well as electric motor(s). The other power
sources that can be used in a hybrid car include hydrogen, propane, CNG as well
as solar energy.
How Hybrid Car Works
In a hybrid car, usually one
source can act as a main source when the other can serve as a backup. Sometimes
the car has the ability to use both the power sources or switch between them
based on different situations. For example if high power is required such as
hill climbing, both gasoline engine and electric motors can be used at the same
time. But when minimal power demand is required such as coasting, the car can
shut down the gasoline engine and use only the electric motor. Usually the
braking of hybrid car is capable of capturing the energy released and using it
for charging batteries inside the cars. That means hybrid cars do not solely
depend on charging by the electric outlet.
A detailed graphic animation of how hybrid car works are
shown in the following link prepared by U.S. Department of Energy’s Alternative
Fuels Data Center:
Animation: How Hybrid Car Works
Benefits of Hybrid Car
Some of the benefits
of hybrid cars stand out comparing the conventional cars:
car is a cleaner technology – it reduces the fossil fuel consumption and thus
contributes in reducing environmental pollution.
car uses both gasoline engine and electrical energy in their optimum levels
cars are usually gas efficient and many of them have double gas efficiency than
the conventional gas only models.
government offers tax incentives and other types of benefits for the hybrid car
owner such as free parking, free entry to car pool lanes, discounted fees on
toll gates etc.
Disadvantages of Hybrid Car
Hybrid car has some
disadvantage as well:
main disadvantage of hybrid car is that it is too expensive to buy.
of the built in battery hybrid cars are quiet heavy and become risky when
involved in accident due to high voltage risk.
cars usually have a slower acceleration rate compare to the conventional
gasoline powered cars.
maintenance and servicing of the hybrid car is quite expensive than the
Hybrid Car Facts
Some interesting facts about
hybrid cars are as follows:
most all the major car manufacturers are now producing or planning to produce
hybrid cars and there are about 30 models available to choose from.
the hybrid car batteries is expensive but they can be expected to last for
car has superior gas mileage than the conventional one. Many of them get better
gas mileage in the city than on the highway because they run on battery power
more in the city.
hybrid car uses its gasoline engine less it has longer engine life and less tear
on internal engine parts.
cars are expensive in price and have expensive parts but the fact is that many
of them provide warranties for free replacements of those expensive parts for
cars tend to have lower depreciation rate than the conventional gasoline cars.